Sheng Hong Temple Main Hall

There are 24 black panels depicting 24 personated stories on filial piety.  On both sides of the wall at the main hall are 10 panels depicting the “Journey in the Underworld”. Hanging in the centre of the main hall is a plaque Shi Meng Jue Guan (是梦觉关). The Sheng Hong Temple plaque is also installed at the top of the doorway into the main hall.  There are 4 Door Gods at the front and back of the main door to the main hall.  There are also many couplets on words of wisdom installed on the pillars and wall of the main hall. 

On the right  of the main hall, is another temple Feng Xuan Gong (凤玄宫) and on its left is the Taisui Hall (太岁殿).  Feng Xuan Gong is managed by its own Board of Management.  Their main Deity is Zhong Tan Yuan Shuai (中坛元帅).  Opposite our Temple is Kim Hong Temple (金凤庙), Jiu Huang Gong (九皇宫), Zhong Hong Shang Tang (众弘善堂) and the Lord Buddha Temple worshipping the Four-Face Buddha.  Hence Arumugam Road is home to a total of 5 different temples.  During the festive season, these temples will organize various prayers and activities to celebrate the Birthdays of their Deities.  The celebrations held during the Lunar New festive season are worth mentioning as apart from the prayers and rituals performed within their temples, Arumugam Road is also lighted up with luminous decorations and buntings, lifting the spirit and atmosphere of the Lunar New Year season.  A huge archway bearing the name of “Arumugam Road Combined Temples”  will also be installed across Arumugam Road, showcasing the combined efforts of the various temples coming together to organize activities to usher in the Lunar New Year.

In the main hall, Deity Qing Xi Xian You Bo Zhu (清溪显佑伯主) is placed in the middle of the altar. Qing Xi Xian You Bo Zhu may also be addressed as Cheng Kuai Hean Yu Per Choo or City God (Cheng Huang, 顯佑伯主). 

The Deity is flanked by His Aides – Wen Wu Pan Guan (文、武判官) on his left and right. In front of  Qing Xi Xian You Bo Zhu is the Divine Master Qingshui (清水祖师).  Other Deities enshrined in the main hall includes Heavenly Sage Guan Gong (Guan Di Gong 关圣帝君), Wen Chang Di Jun (文昌帝君), Earth Deity (Fu De Zheng Shen 福德正神), God of Wealth (Cai Sheng Ye 文财神爷), Tai Zi Ye (中坛元帅), Confucius (Kong Sheng Xian Shi 孔圣先师), Great Lord of the Sacred Mountain of the East (Dong Ye Da Di 东岳大帝), Supreme Lord of Mystical Heaven (Xuan Tian Shan Di 玄天上帝), The Great Sage Sun Wukong (Da Sheng Fo Zu 大圣佛祖), Heavenly Lord of Dao and its Virtue (Tai Shang Lao Jun 太上老君), Bodhidharma (Da Mo Zu Shi 达摩祖师), Master Daoji (Ji Gong Huo Fo 济公活佛), Lord Justice Bao Gong (Bao Fu Da Ren 包府大人), Marshal of Central Altar Nezha (Zhong Tan Yuan Shuai 中坛元帅), Goddess of Mercy (Guan Yin Fo Zu 观音佛祖), Goddess of Fertility & Childbirth (Zhu Sheng Niang Niang 注生娘娘), Goddess of Creations Nuwa (Nv Wa Niang Niang 女娲娘娘), Goddess of the Ninth Heaven (Jiu Tian Xuan Nv 九天玄女), Goddess of the Seas Mazu (Tian Hou Sheng Mu 天后圣母) etc.

Deities in the Main Hall

Qing Xi Xian You Bo Zhu (清溪显佑伯主, 顯佑伯主)

Qing Xi Xian You Bo Zhu (清溪显佑伯主) is enshrined in the middle altar of the main hall.  He dons a golden crown and is draped in a golden robe. He has a maroon red face and has a stern look which garners the respect from the people.  The statue of the Deity was brought to our Temple in 1990 from the original temple in Anxi province in China.  There is another smaller statue of the Deity placed at the front of the altar.  This statue was also from the main temple in Anxi and was brought to our Temple in 1918 for blessings. The statue was subsequently enshrined at Sheng Hong Temple for worship.  The 5th celestial spirit of the Sheng Hong Deity was invited to Singapore between 1917 by Priest Xiao Tian Ping and Scholar Xie Li Wen and the Deity has since been worshipped at Sheng Hong Temple.  The Sheng Hong Deity protects the city and its people.  His role is to bless people who do good deeds and to punish those who do evils.  Worshipping of Sheng Hong Deity has been prominent since the Song Dynasty.

Annually on the 28th Day of the 5th Lunar month, Sheng Hong Temple will  organize various programmes to celebrate the Birthday of Sheng Hong Deity.  Operas and prayer rituals will be held as part of the celebratory events.  The number of days of the opera varied annually, depending on the variety of activities organized by the Temple for that year.  The number of days of opera performance demonstrates the Temple’s strengths and influence in the society and its financial status as well.

The Temple is renowned for the number of days of opera performances since the 1960s and 70s.  The operas are performed as thanks giving to Sheng Hong Deity.  When construction of the new temple premises was completed in 90s, the number of days for the opera performances was increased significantly from 33 days in 1991 to 109 days in 1998.  Since then, it is a practice of the Temple to organize operas performances for more than 100 days.  This significant number of days of opera performances has brought recognition to the Temple.  The performances are by local opera troupes and troupes from China, Taiwan and Malaysia, including Ming Hua Yuan from Taiwan, Xiamen Opera from China and Xi Jiang Ye from West Malaysia. The troupes will perform traditional Hokkien and Teochew operas. Performances generally commence at 2pm in the afternoon and at 8pm in the evening daily.  The opera performers will pay their respect to Sheng Hong Deity and the Opera Deity of the respective troupes who is invited to take His seat in the main hall of the Temple.  Some performers will offer their prayer ritual on stage while others will perform off stage at the Temple’s main hall.  The cost of the operas are supported by devotees who wish to express their thanks to Sheng Hong Deity for His blessings.  The proceeds from the sale of opera tickets, if any, are donated to the Society of Sheng Hong Welfare Services to further its charitable services to the community.

The Temple would like to remind the public that we did not, have not and will not authorize or appoint any individual to collect any form of donations on the Temple’s behalf openly.  All donations and sponsorship to the Temple are on voluntary basis.

The prayer rituals of the Birthday celebration are conducted by Zhen Yi Hun Yuan Tang and Quan Zhen (全真) Master Huang Xing Cheng in collaboration with our Scripture-Chanting and Orchestra Group.  The former will commence the rituals at 11pm on the 27th Day of the 5th Lunar month. In accordance with the traditional Chinese way of recording time, 11pm is Zi Shi (子时) which is the start of a new day, that is the 28th Day of the 5th Lunar month.  Master Huang will then lead the Scripture-Chanting and Orchestra Group to conduct the prayer rituals including prayers to Jade Emperor to seek His approval to hold the daily opera and to invite Him to join in the celebrations.

At 9am on the second day of the festive celebrations, the prayer rituals will include scripture chanting and prayers to the various Deities.  On the actual day from 11am, the Noon Offering prayers to Jade Emperor will be held.   Prayer items include the traditional 5 items (chicken, duck, fish, pig’s head, crab), fruits, Chinese cakes (红龟糕), dumplings, 12 vegetarian dry products, red eggs, longevity noodles, prosperity cake and a plate of fresh flowers will be offered to the Deities.  A tray of red packets (with coins) will be prepared.  Devotees will also place their personal belongings such as mobile phone, keys, wallets, etc in the similar tray as a mark of offering one’s best to Jade Emperor.  At the end of the ritual, the item will be returned to its owner for blessings. At 4 pm, incense papers for Jade Emperor will be burnt which symbolizes the departure of Jade Emperor.  This is followed by a dinner for the Deities.  A round table and 10 chairs, and complete with cutlery and a good spread of food and drinks are served on the table as offerings to the Deities.

At 6pm, Offerings for the Generals will be conducted.  A long table with food and fruits will be offered.  This prayer symbolizes the appreciation extended to the army and generals, who have contributed to the security and peace of the people.  The prayer items are then distributed to the helpers and devotees who have rendered their services to the Temple.

Divine Master Qingshui (Qing Shui Zu Shi 清水祖师)

According to historical records, Qing Shui Zu Shi was known as Chen Rong Zu (陈荣祖) and his Taoist name was Pu Zhu (普足).  His Birthday falls on the 6th Day of 1st Lunar month. He was ordained as a monk since young.  He mediated under the guidance of a senior Venerable in the monastery and focused on Buddhism literature for 3 years where he revised diligently and was constantly reminded by his master to do good deeds and be involved in charity.  Chen Rong Zu practiced medicine to cure the sickly poor.  He was respected by the people for his graciousness and generosity.  During one of the severe droughts, Chen Rong Zu was asked to pray for rain.  His prayers were answered and was subsequently bestowed the title of Qing Shui Zu Shi.  He passed away at the age of 65.

Wen Wu Pan Guan (文武判官)

Wen Wu Pan Guan are the Aides of Sheng Hong Deity.  Both are always by the side of City God.  Each of them plays a different role; Judge of Records and Judge for Discipline.  The one on the left of City God is Wen Pan Guan, a scholarly and studious person.  He dons a royal robe, has a long beard and a pleasant look.  He records the good and bad deeds of people and that is the reason that he holds a book on his left hand and a brush pen on his right hand, ever ready to report to Sheng Hong Deity anytime.  The right is Wu Pan Guan is tasked to penalize people who has committed offences.  His facial expression is stern and serious.  The face of the statue in Sheng Hong Temple is red and he holds a hammer in his hand.

Heavenly Sage Guan Gong – Guan Di Gong (关圣帝君)

Guan Di Gong is well known in Taoism and the Chinese legends.  He was the sworn brother of Zhang Fei and Liu Bei in the era of the Three Kingdoms.  Together, they defended the Zhao Army.  Lord Guan is highly respected by the people.

Earth Deity – Da Bo Gong (大伯公 Tua Pek Gong or Fu De Zheng Sheng 福德正神)

Da Bo Gong is a popular Deity amongst the Chinese community in Singapore and Malaysia.  There are several temples in Singapore worshipping Da Bo Gong, such as Tanjong Pagar Fu De Ci, Telok Ayer Hai Chun Fu De Ci, Loyang Tua Pek Gong, Boon Lay Tuas Tua Pek Gong, etc. The statue of Da Bo Gong in Lorong Koo Chye Sheng Hong Temple has a compassionate look, holds a walking stick in one hand and a golden ingot in the other hand. He carries a broad smile on his face.  The appearance is similar to the Di Zhu Gong (Earth Deity) in China.  Hence, the Da Bo Gong in Southeast Asia is similar to the Di Zhu Gong in China, and is also known as Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神).

The duty of Da Bo Gong is to safeguard the village folks, bless couples with children, peace to the family and to handle the affairs of the people.  He also cares for the deceased.  In Southeast Asia, another role of Da Bo Gong is to take care of the trades of businessmen.  In the past, businessmen would pray to Da Bo Gong on the 2nd and 16th Day of every Lunar month, seeking blessings for a prosperous business, peace and safety.  His Birthday falls on the 2nd Day of the 2nd Lunar month.  Businessmen will also pray on the 16th day of the 12th Lunar month for blessings, hoping for progression in the forthcoming New Year.

Heavenly Sage of Knowledge – Wen Chang Di Jun (文昌帝君)

Wen Chang Di Jun originates before the Song Dynasty.  In the ancient days, besides studying diligently for their examinations, students had to quietly pray to various Deities for good results.  Taoism consecrated Zhang Ya Zi (张亚子) as Wen Chang Di Jun, one of the 28 Stars.  Devotees with children who are mischievous and lacking in studies may consider to pray to Wen Chang Di Jun. Offerings may include Spring Onion (symbolizes intelligence), celery (symbolizes diligence and studious) and rice dumplings (symbolizes progression in education).

Shan Cai Ye (善财童子)

According to legends, Shan Cai Ye is also known as Shan Cai Tong Zi (善财童子) and He is always enshrined beside Goddess of Mercy, Guan Yin to serve as Her assistant.  It is believed that when he was born, many treasures appeared in his home.  It was this reason that he was named Shan Cai (善财).  Shan Cai Tong Zi is the disciple of 53 masters including Buddha, Bo Luo Men and Xian Ren. He had gone through much difficulties and finally met the Buddha and became his disciple.  There are many worshippers of Shan Cai in Southeast Asia. There is a well known temple in Muar, West Malaysia which worships Shan Cai Gong as the main Deity of the Temple.

Annually on the 23rd Day of the 1st Lunar month, many devotees will pray to Shan Cai at the temple for blessings.

God of Wealth – Cai Shen Ye (文财神爷)

In the Chinese legend, Cai Shen Ye is the Deity who is in charge of finance.  He was born Zhao Gong Ming and also known as Zhao Gong Yuan Shuai.  There are different folklore relating to Cai Shen Ye.  Li Gui Zhu, Pi Gan, Fang Li, Liu Hai were bestowed as Wen Cai Shen while Zhong Kui and Guan Gong were bestowed as Wu Cai Sheng.

During the eve of Lunar New Year, senior Master Taoist Priests from Lorong Koo Chye Sheng Hong Temple will lead devotees to pray and to receive Cai Shen Ye.  The lighted joss sticks are to be brought home and placed in the incense urn at the altar.  For those without an altar at home, the lighted joss sticks can be placed into a temporary incense urn and left in the living hall for the joss sticks to burn off on its own.  This prayer is to seek blessings for peace and prosperity for family members.

Marshal of Central Altar Nezha – Tai Zi Ye (太子爷, 中坛元帅,哪吒)

Tai Zi Ye is also known as Zhong Tan Yuan Shuai (中 坛 元 帅).  He is the 3rd son of Li Jing and his better known name is Nezha (哪咤).  According to legend, Tai Zi Ye had great intelligence at a young age of 7.  He possessed celestial powers and had ventured to the Palace of the Eastern Seas (东海龙宫).  The statue that depicts Tai Zi Ye when He was young is enshrined at Lorong Koo Chye Sheng Temple. The statue has a head of black hair, and a round face with dimples.  He holds a spear on his right and a circular ring on his left hand.  He is stepping on fired rings that presented him in a mighty and powerful disposition.

Confucius (孔子)

Confucius is a renown educationist and a philosopher.  His actual name was Qiu Zhong Ni (丘仲尼).  Confucius conducted many lectures and is accredited with the famed Confucianism. Confucius is believed to be the most educated person in Chinese history.  He is highly regarded as an educator and is respected by many people till today.  In the early days in Swatow, children would need to pray to Confucius before entering school.  They would be dressed in red clogs and brought by parents to to pray to Confucius and to greet their teachers in the learning institutions.  Offering items are generally made of sugar coated items like spring onions, symbolizing sweetness and smoothness in their studies.  Besides Lorong Koo Chye Sheng Hong Temple, Confucius is also enshrined at a dedicated Confucius Hall of our subsidiary, San Qing Gong (三清宫).  A grand ceremony is held annually to commemorate the Birthday of Confucius.

Great Lord of the Sacred Mountain of the East – Dong Yue Da Di (东岳大帝)

Dong Yue Da Di is commonly worshipped in Singapore.  He is also known as Tai Shan Deity (泰山神) or The Deity of Dong Yue Tai Shan.  In the early days, people worshipped Nature.  Dong Yue Da Di was included as one of the Deities after the founding of Taoism.  This Deity cares for the birth and death of all living things on earth, including plants, animals and human beings.  He has the authority to determine the fate of birth and death of each living thing.  He is highly respected by people and is regarded as a mighty Deity.

Supreme Lord of Mystical Heaven – Xuan Tian Shang Di (玄天上帝)

This Deity is also known as Zhen Wu Da Di (真武大帝) or Zhen Wu (真武), Bei Ji Zhen Jun (北极真君), Yuan Tian Shan Di (元天上帝).  Zheng Wu is one of the Deities worshipped by the Han community during the Song Dynasty. He played an important role in the Han community.  The Wudang mountain in China is the sacred land of Xuan Tian Shang Di.

The Great Sage Sun Wukong – Da Sheng Fo Zu (大圣佛祖)

According to legend, Great Sage Qi Tian Da Sheng Sun Wu Kong (齐天大圣孙悟空) is a drop of blood from Ru Lai Fo (如来佛).  Sun Wu Kong was said to be born from a rock after the blood stain on the rock had absorbed the energy of the earth.  Sun Wu Kong become the King of Hua Guo Shang (花果山), ruling the monkey population living there.  He learnt from Pu Ti Zu Shi (菩提祖师) and was able to change into 72 different forms and the ability to travel 18,000 miles which each body flip.  He obtained a magic rod from the King of the East Oceans and become a powerful monkey.  Sun Wu Kong protected the mighty Venerable to obtain the Buddhist script from the West in the popular story “Journey to the West”.  Qi Tian Da Sheng has been worshipped as a Deity in the Chinese history.  People worshipped Qi Tian Da Sheng for his mighty martial arts and for defeating demons to provide a safe environment for people.  People worshipped Him because he was loyal and faithful to Tang Seng (唐三藏).  The villagers in Fuzhou will worship Qi Tian Da Shen in their residences or at established temples.

Many Singaporeans worship this Deity and in the 20th century, Chinese Singaporeans worshipped Him as Da Sheng Ye (大圣爷).  They believe that Da Sheng Ye has the ability to eliminate sufferings and guide devotees.  Besides the Fuzhou community, the Babas or Nonya community such as in Malacca and Penang also worship Qi Tian Da Sheng. In Singapore, Qi Tian Da Sheng temples include Bao An Gong (保安宫) and Guang Fu Miao (广福庙).

Supreme Sage Lord Zhang (Zhang Gong Sheng Jun 张公圣君)

Zhang Gong Sheng Jun had various names and was from Fuzhou, Fujian province.  He is one of the Deities worshipped by the Chinese community.  He led a hard life since young.  His father passed away when he was 4 years old and he followed his mother who remarried into a Lian family.  He worked as a shepherd when he was 8 years old and also collected wood from the forest.  At the age of 18, he went into the deep mountains to learn martial arts and was determined to eliminate evils and to help the villagers.  He left the mountains 3 years later and went to various villages to help the people.  With his skills, he also helped the villagers pray for rain during droughts.  Zhang Sheng Jun also picked herbs to heal the sick.  Every village he visited, he would leave behind his words of wisdom “To reward the good and to punish the evil”.  His name was spread to many other villages and subsequently people worshipped Him as a Deity in temples.

Bodhidharma – Da Mo Zu Shi (达摩祖师)

Da Mo Zu Shi’s actual name is Pu Ti Da Mo (菩提达摩).  He was the 3rd son of the King of South India.  He came to Guangzhou and used the teachings of Zen to cultivate the people.  He deemed that words and languages are used merely for description.  Hence, although he is illiterate, yet he is able to learn the teachings of Zen.  His teachings were subsequently propagated to many places.  Da Mo Zu Shi is regarded as one of the mighty God.

Master Daoji – Ji Gong Huo Fo (济公活佛)

Ji Gong Huo Fo is a real person in history.  His actual name is Li Xiu Yuan (李 修 缘).  He was brilliant and saved the people from sufferings.  He is well-loved and people respected him as Ji Gong Huo Fo (Living Buddha).  He was born in Taizhou, Zhejiang, and he became a monk.  He was an upright and intelligent person.  His master was Xia Dang Hui Yuan (瞎堂慧远).  Ji Gong traveled widely in his shabby outfit with a torn hat and broken fan in his hand.  He also worn torn shoes.  He often picked herbs and medicine to help the sick.  Although a monk, he indulged in alcohol and meat. He had very out-of-the norm behavior and was often viewed as an insane person.  Nonetheless, he was intelligent and received a good education.  He was a well respected monk who did many good deeds for the people.  He was good in making judgement and eager to fight for righteousness.  He helped people with difficulties, the poor and helpless as well.  He exercised fairness and taught those who do bad deeds valuable lessons. His story is well known till today. 

Lord Justice Bao Gong – Bao Fu Da Ren (包府大人)

Bao Fu Da Ren is named Bao Zheng (包拯) and was worshipped in the Bao Gong Temple during the Song Dynasty.  He was an official of integrity to serve justice for the people.  He was also known as Bao Qing Tian (包青天) and was a well-respected official.  In today’s globalized economy, what Bao Gong had done in his lifetime has continued to be highly regarded by the people.

Bao Gong is worshipped by many Chinese in Singapore.  Tian Sheng Tan (天圣坛), a Taoist temple in Singapore, had organized fives delegation of devotees to the hometown of Bao Gong in China to offer prayers to Him.   In 1996, devotees constructed a Bao Gong Temple in Singapore.  After the construction of the temple was completed, devotees from He Fei (合肥), Kai Feng (开封) and Xiamen of China, Taiwan and Malaysia were invited to a forum “Bao Gong & the Modern Society” in Singapore.  Former Parliamentary Secretary for Environment Mr Ho Kah Leong spoke at the forum and praised the selfless spirit of Bao Gong to be a role model for today’s society.

Hua Guang Da Di (华光大帝)

Hua Guang Da Di has many other names such as Ling Guang Ma Yuan Shuai (灵光马元帅), San Yan Ling Guang (三眼灵光), Hua Guang Tian Huang (华光天王), Ma Tian Jun (马天君) etc.  He created havoc in heaven, earth and the sea.  He was subdued by Zhen Wu Di (真武帝) and became one of His 36 Heavenly Generals.  He was one of the four Deities that provided protection to the people.  According to legend, he was also known as Ma Ling Yao (马灵耀). The Chinese addressed him as Ma Wang Ye San Zhi Yan (马王爷三只眼) as He had 3 eyes.

Goddess of Mercy – Guan Yin Niang Niang (观音娘娘) 

Guan Yin Niang Niang is also known as Guan Shi Yin Pu Sa (观世音菩萨).  The worship of Guan Shi Yin Pu Sa started from the commencement of Buddhist studies.  It was propagated to North Korea and Japan in the mid 7th century.  The image of Guan Shi Yin started as a male during the Song Dynasty.  It was after much research and studies that it was re-orientated as a lady figurine, and named as Yu Lan Guan Yin (鱼篮观音), Bai Yi Guan Yin (白衣观音), Guan Yin Da Shi (观音大士), Ci Hang Zhen Ren (慈航真人), Ci Hang Da Shi (慈航大士) etc were highly regarded by the people and they worshipped her sincerely.  She often helped women and children and assisted pregnant women with smooth deliveries of their babies.  Hence, she is also known as Guan Yin Fo Zu (观音佛祖) who blessed people with children.

Goddess of Fertility & Childbirth – Zhu Sheng Niang Niang (注生娘娘)

Zhu Sheng Niang Niang is also known as Zhu Sheng Ma (注生妈).  In some parts of China, she is also known as a Deity who blessed married couple with children.  She is depicted with a kind and gentle look.  She helped people to eliminate their problems and sufferings.  It is believed that people facing problems just need to chant her name as a form of relief.  In the olden days, the Zhu Sheng Niang Niang was enshrined in Sheng Hong temples in Xiamen and Dong Yu temple.

This Deity is commonly worshipped by the Hokkien in Southeast Asia and it is believed that she will bless one with children.  She looks after pregnant women and those who are due for delivery.  She is a savior and is highly regarded by pregnant women and women who are not able to conceive baby.

Goddess of Mother Earth – Di Mu Zhi Zun (地母至尊)

Di Mu Zhi Zun is one of the main Deities worshipped by people.  She is also known as Di Lao Niang Niang (地姥娘娘), Di Mu Yuan Jun (地母元君), Xu Kong Di Mu Zhi Zun (虚空地母至尊) etc.  Di Mu is commonly worshipped as a Goddess by the farmers in China as a mark of respect to the Earth.  She is the Mother of Nature and the Guardian of all living things on earth.  For thousands of years, villagers have constructed temples to place Di Mu Zhi Zun, hoping to seek blessings for abundant food, peace and security.  Worshipping of this Deity has become a tradition amongst the people.

During the Song Dynasty, Taoists classified this Deity as one of the four mighty Deities, looking after the birth of children and the beauty of nature.  Her Birthday falls on the 18th Day of the 10th Lunar month. Devotees will generally hold elaborated prayers to worship Di Mu Zhi Zun.

Long Nu (龙女)

There is a pair of Deities known as Shan Cai Tong Zi (善财童子) and Long Nv (龙女).  Long Nv is the daughter of Sagara-nagaraja (婆竭罗龙王).  She is intelligent and knowledgeable in Buddha scriptures at the age of 8 years old.  She furthered her studies into Buddha teachings and became one of the Deities in the form of a dragon.  As she was to assist Guan Yin in relieve sufferings, She was changed back from a dragon to having the body of a little girl.

Shan Cai (善才)

Shan Cai, also known as Shan Cai Tong Zi, will always be enshrined together with Long Nv.  It is believed that many treasures appeared in his home during his birth.  Shan Cai was educated in Buddhist studies and had 53 masters.  He went through much difficulties and finally met Pu Xian Pu Sa and became a Deity.

Goddess of the Seas, Mazu – Tian Hou Sheng Mu (天后圣母)

Tian Hou Sheng Mu is commonly known as Mazu (妈祖). She is also known as Tian Fei (天妃), Tian Hou (天后), Tian Shang Sheng Mu (天上圣母), Niang Ma (娘妈) etc.  In ancient days, She was worshipped by seamen, travelers, businessmen and fishermen.  Mazu’s original name is Lin Mo Niang (林默娘), daughter of a fisherman and his wife in Putien, Meizhou, Fujian Province.  Her Birthday falls on the 23rd Day of the 3rd Lunar month.

Since young,  Lin Mo Niang was intelligent and had good medical knowledge.  She was able to give advices on medical treatments and had helped many people.  She was gentle and eager to resolve problems and heal the people.  She carried out many charitable deeds, protected the villages and was since worshipped as a mighty Goddess by fishermen and seafarers.

Lin Mo Niang continued to bless the people after She attained immortality and was rightfully worshipped as the Goddess of the Seas.  The seamen relied on her whenever they encountered typhoons and severe storms when out in their humble boats.  The seafarers would put their trust and hopes on Mazu. It hence became a practice to offer prayers to Mazu before they depart on sea journeys and when they arrive safely.  Statue of Mazu is also enshrined on boats for blessings for peace, safety and smooth sea journey.

Lu Ban Xian Shi (鲁班先师)

Lu Ban Xian Shi (507-444 BC) was a renowned Chinese carpenter, engineer and inventor during the Zhou Dynasty.  He invented saw, ink line, angle ruler, grappling hooks and ram, cloud ladder, mortise and tenon. As such, he was revered as the Chinese Patron God of Carpentry and Masonry and commonly worshipped by carpenters and craftsmen in related businesses. Today, practitioners in the construction and renovation industries pray to Lu Ban for a smooth work before starting a project. Traditional opera performers who are required to construct stage for performance also pray to Lu Ban. In fengshui or geomancy, the Lu Ban Ruler is used as an important instrument that marks the auspicious and inauspicious measurements in construction and architecture. Lu Ban is commonly worshipped across China. He is also known as Lo Pan in Cantonese contexts.

Lord of Filial Piety – Guang Ze Zun Wang (广泽尊王)

Guang Ze Zun Wang or the Reverent Lord of Broad Compassion is worshipped as a local Deity in the Anxi county of Fujian Province. He was born Guo Zhongfu (郭忠福) to an impoverished couple in 923AD during the later Tang Dynasty. Guang Ze Zun Wang is also known as Sage King Guo or Sage Lord Guo. Guo Zhongfu was the 11th generation descendant of the powerful Tang Dynasty General Guo Ziyi. He spent his childhood herding for his fellow villagers, and only moved to Mount Shi upon guidance from a geomancy master to seek spiritual enlightenment. Legend has it that Guo Zhongfu climbed an ancient tree and sat on a vine encircling the tree when he was 16, and departed there as a Deity. Guang Ze Zun Wang is an omnipotent and benevolent Deity who grants all wishes. He is best revered for his merits in warfare, and was conferred six times by the Emperors of the Song and Qing Dynasty.

Deity of Opera – Tian Du General (田都元帅)

Marshal Tian Du is also known as Tian Fu Yuan Shuai (田府元帅) and Xiang Gong Ye (相公爷).  He was a music talent and was hence worshipped as a protective Deity in the world of opera.

Marshal Tian Du is well known amongst the village folks and looks after opera performing troupes, classical Chinese instrument music and many others.  It is known that he was abandoned in the paddy field when he was born.  He was found and brought up by the village folks and they named him as Lei Hai Qing (雷海青).  He was good in music and loved by the people. During a war, all the musical instruments were thrown into the paddy field.  Many villagers were killed, including Lei Hai Qing. When he died, he escorted an Emperor who saw a military flag with the word “Tian” in the sky.  He was bestowed as Marshal Tian since then.

In the one of the folklores, Marshal Tian Du was one of the foster sons of the Emperor of Eastern Hell, with the Golden Hen and the Jade Dog protecting Marshal Tian Du when he was alived.

Marshal Tian Du Holy Birthday : 11th Day of 6th Lunar month.